Original Article Effects of Panax quinquefolium on Streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats: role of C- peptide, nitric oxide and oxidative stress
Kamal A. Amin, Ezzat M. Awad, Mohammed A. Nagy
Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt; Zoology Department Faculty of Science, El-Minia University, El-Minia , Egypt; Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt.
Received January 17, 2011; accepted February 15, 2011; Epub February 30, 2011; published May 15, 2011
Abstract: Background: Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus are at high risk for vascular disorders as hypertension and nephropathy. Ginseng is one of the most widely used herbal medicines and is reported to have a wide range of therapeutic and pharmacological applications for antioxidant and vasorelaxation although the mechanism is not clear. This study, aimed to evaluate hypoglycemic, antioxidant and vasodilator effects of Panax quinquefolium aqueous ginseng extract (AGE) against streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes in male rats. Furthermore explore the role of AGE in C-peptide and nitric oxide (NO) and their relation in STZ induced diabetic rats. Methods: Thirty White male Sprague dawley rats weighing 150-200 gm, about 4 month old were equally divided into the following: a control group (normal, nondiabetic), a diabetic group induced by intraperitoneal (I/P) injection of STZ (non-AGE-treated) and an AGE-treated diabetic group (STZ+AGE) (for 8 days). Serum level of urea, creatinine, glucose, insulin, C-peptide and NO were analyzed. Activities of hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase), hepatic glycogen phosphorylase and the renal antioxidant enzyme, catalase were analyzed. Also renal oxidative stress marker malondialdehyde (MDA) was measured. Results: Data showed that STZ treated rats produced a significant increased level of serum urea, creatinine, glucose, NO and renal MDA. Also, induced significantly higher activities of hepatic G6Pase and glycogen phosphorylase compared with controls, while give significant lowered serum insulin, C-peptide level and renal catalase activity. Whereas treatment with AGE led to a significant amelioration in the hyperglycemia (lower the activity of G6Pase and glycogen phosphorylase), hyperinsulinemia and oxidative stress markers. Besides declining the higher level of renal function test and NO. Conclusions: STZ induced-diabetes (DM) associated with renal function disturbances, hypoinsulinemia, defective antioxidant stability and increased (NO) this may have implications for the progress of DM and its related problems. Treatment with AGE improved DM and its associated metabolic problems in different degrees. Furthermore it has insulin sensitizing, hypoglycemic, antioxidant and vasodilator effects. Communally AGE is a way to surmount the diabetic state and it has vasodilator effects. (IJCEM1101004).
Keywords: Panax quinquefolium, diabetes, kidney function, oxidative stress, NO, C-peptide